Eko's stick

{{Infobox Object
=Eko's stick
=Jesus stick.jpg
=Locke, after The Swan imploded
'''Eko's stick''' was a walking staff made and carried by Mr. Eko; it was Nicknames the '''"Jesus stick"''' by Charlie, and called a '''prayer stick''' by Locke. Eko made his staff from a branch he broke off on the beach, carving into it various Bible scriptures (book, chapter, and sometimes verse), a small cross, and the Numbers.  When asked by Claire what he was carving, Eko answered, "Things I need to remember."

After Locke and Desmond locked Eko out of the Swan, Desmond picked up Eko's stick and questioned Locke on the significance of it, to which Locke replied that Eko carried it because he was a priest. {{crossref}}

Following the Discharge of the Swan, Eko's stick fell out of a tree, almost hitting Locke, who was regaining consciousness when it fell. {{crossref}}

{{I=Further Instructions.jpg=200=right=Locke inspects the stick {{crossref}}}}
After Eko's death, Locke retrieved the stick.  Locke intended to use the stick as a marker for Eko's grave.  As he was pounding the stick into the ground, he noticed an inscription "Lift up your eyes and look north John 305". {{crossref}} Locke interpreted "305" as a northward compass bearing, which led John, Kate, and Sayid to the Flame station. {{crossref}}

Eko's stick was last seen at The Barracks in the backpack Locke demanded that Alex get. {{crossref}}

At least
*+ (cross symbol)
*The 23rd Psalm (Bible)*The Numbers
*9 22 (September 22 is the plane crash date) added in {{ep}}
*http//bibleresources.bible.com/passagesearchresults.php?passage1=acts+4&version1=9 ACTS 412
*http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colossians COLOSIANS sic 
*http//bibleresources.bible.com/passagesearchresults.php?passage1=Hab&version1=9 HAB 13
*http//bibleresources.bible.com/passagesearchresults.php?passage1=John+3&version1=9 JOHN 305 
*http//bibleresources.bible.com/passagesearchresults.php?passage1=Genesis+13&version=9 GEN 1314 LIFT UP YOUR EYES AND LOOK NORTH
*http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gospel_of_luke LUKE
{{I=Ekosstick looknorth.jpg=200=right=Eko's stick as the marker for his grave}}
*http//bibleresources.bible.com/passagesearchresults.php?passage1=Psalm+144&version1=9 PSALM 144 (or http//bibleresources.bible.com/passagesearchresults.php?passage1=Psalm+14&version1=9 PSALM 14)
*http//bibleresources.bible.com/passagesearchresults.php?passage1=Revelation+5&version1=9 REVELATION 53
*http//bibleresources.bible.com/passagesearchresults.php?passage1=Romans+6&version1=9 ROM 612
*http//bibleresources.bible.com/passagesearchresults.php?passage1=titus+3&version1=9 TITUS3 sic 
*http//www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Galatians+316&version=ASV GAL 316


*Inscribing scripture on the stick was the idea of Adewale Akinnuoye-Agbaje, not the writers.{{source needed}}
*The term "Jesus Stick" was first made famous during the colonial period, many evangelical ministers would be forced to carry a "Jesus Stick" for safety from "barbaric" cultures.
*The bearing 305 was later revealed as a possible safe direction to leave the Island by Daniel Faraday. {{crossref}}

==Biblical verses and allusions==

In the culture of the http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Israelite Israelites, the http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shepherd shepherd's crook or http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rod rod would be a natural symbol of authority, as the tool used by the http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shepherd shepherd to correct and guide his http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flock flock (Psalm 234).
* Moses' rod is, in fact, cited in Exodus 42 as carried by him while he tended his sheep; and later (Exodus 420) becomes his symbol of authority over the Israelites (Psalm 29, Psalm 8932, Isaiah 1024 and 114, Ezekiel 2037). The rods of both Moses and Aaron were endowed with miraculous power during the http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plagues_of_Egypt Plagues of Egypt (Exodus 717, 85, 816-17, 923, and 1013); http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_crossing_of_the_Red_Sea//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_sea Red Sea when it was to be parted (Exodus 1416) and in prayer over Israel in battle (Exodus 179); Moses at  http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meribah Meribah brings forth water from a stone using his rod (Exodus 17, Numbers 2011).
* During the Exodus, Moses was instructed by God to fashion a pole upon which he was to position a serpent made of bronze; when looked upon, this http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nehushtan Nehushtan, as it was called in Hebrew, would spare the lives of the Israelites stricken by venomous snake bites. The intent was that people would look upward and be reminded to pray to God, but eventually the meaning was forgotten and this symbol was apparently worshiped by the Hebrew people until the reign of Hezekiah as described in 2 Kings 184.
* http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aaron%27s_rod Aaron's rod  After asking what she named her newborn son, Mr. Eko informed Claire that Aaron was the name of Moses' elder brother. Aaron was a spokesman of sorts for Moses, persuading the Israelites to follow his brother and performing miracles with his staff, which turned into a viper before Pharoah (Exodus 78-14) and unleashed the first three plagues.

'''http//www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Psalm%2023&version=NIV Psalm 23''' Highly significant, often quoted passage in Christianity. Makes explicit mention of God's rod and staff (Psalm 234- "...Your Rod and Staff, they comfort me." Also, a possible allusion to The Monster (Psalm 234- "Even though I walk through the valley of the Shadow of death..."). The Psalmist says they will not be afraid for God is with them (Psalm 234- "...I will fear no evil for you are with me...") which is paralleled in Eko's confrontation with The Monster 

'''http//www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Acts%20412&version=NIV Acts 412''' "Salvation is found in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given to men by which we must be saved" The book of Acts was written as the second volume of the Gospel of Luke. This passage is a refutation of all religions, and the proclamation that only Christ can provide salvation. The speaker of this passage is Peter who, along with John, has just spent the night in prison for preaching. 

'''http//www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Colossians&version=NIV Colossians''' Written by the apostle Paul. The epistle has today been divided into 4 chapters. The main themes throughout the Epistle are reconciliation with Christ and rules for Christian living. Life and Death imagery is found in Col 213 - "When you were dead in your sins... God made you alive with Christ...". There is also explicit reference to the show's theme of Parent issues in Col 321 - "Fathers, do not embitter your children, or they will become discouraged" 

'''http//www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Habakkuk%2013&version=NIV Hab 13''' From the book of Habakkuk, the 8th of the 12 minor prophets. This book is essentially a dialogue between Habakkuk and YHWH, The LORD. In this sense Habakkuk is unique amongst the minor Prophets for challenging God. In Hab 13 he is essentially demanding an answer for the Problem of Evil (http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Problem_of_evil). Habakkuk asks God "Why do you make me look at injustice?, Why do you tolerate wrong?.." and "Destruction and violence are before me; there is strife, and conflict abounds." God answers that in solution, He is going to raise up the Babylonians presumably for war. 

'''Lift Up Your Eyes and Look North''' '''(http//www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Genesis%201314&version=NIV Genesis 1314)''' Interestingly this is only a partial quote that misrepresents the Scripture and gives a new meaning to the text. This adaption of the text strongly lends itself to the theory that Mr Eko is writing specifically to John Locke. The original scripture reads "The LORD said to Abram after Lot had parted from him, "Lift up your eyes from where you are and look north and south, east and west". The omission of the other directions clearly serves the purpose of directing John Locke somewhere. The scripture itself is the beginning of YHWH's covenant with Abram (whose name is later changed to Abraham. YHWH asks Abram, who is in Canaan, at the time to look around in all directions; he says that the land will belong to Abram, and that Abram's decendents will be as numerous as the dust (from which Adam and Eve were created) upon the earth. This is a particularly significant passage as it refers to the Covenant God, the Covenant Land and the Covenant people (which is the beginning of the Jewish (and thus; Christian) faith)). Abraham is father of Isaac, who is father of Jacob. The three are generally held to be the great patriarchs of the religion; "The God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob" (Exodus 316 et al.) 

'''http//www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=John%20305&version=NIV John 305''' Firstly it important to note the non-standardized referencing used here. This should have been written 'John 35' the fact that Mr Eko has chosen to do otherwise is revealed to be significant. Perhaps this is meant to symbolize a revelation, or a vision from Mr Eko. Nevertheless John 35 reads "Jesus answered, "I tell you the truth, no one can enter the kingdom of God unless he is born of water and the Spirit." this is Jesus' reply to Nicodemus, one of the Pharisees who is questioning Jesus on the idea of re-birth. This significant piece of scripture allows for Adult Baptism (Claire in Fire + Water) and insists that Baptism must be by the Holy Spirit, not just water. The Gospel of John was written for a Gentile (Non-Jewish) audience. 

'''http//www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Luke&version=NIV Luke''' One of the main themes in Luke is the re-orientation of Salvation from the future to the present. That is to say that one does not need to wait in order to claim spiritual gifts or healing; it is available now. Luke focuses on the idea of Jesus (and thus, Salvation) for everyone. Perhaps significant is the fact that Luke is sometimes called, or believed to be (because of his writing style) "the Doctor" (Col 414) Medical personnel 

'''http//www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Psalm%2014&version=NIV Psalm 14''' Is about how those who are corrupt fear the righteous for God is on the side of the Righteous (Ps. 145). The Psalm is essentially about the corrupt nature of the world and also of Israel, it looks forward to salvation (rescue). Psalm 14 also includes a reference to Jacob; Ps. 147 - "When the LORD restores the fortunes of his people, let Jacob rejoice and Israel be glad!" 

'''http//www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Revelation%2053&version=NIV Rev 53''' Revelation is part of a genre known as apocalypticism. It is rich with symbolism and metaphors and is otherwise known as "The Apocalypse of John" and deals with the Apocalypse and the coming of the Kingdom of God. The scripture Rev 53 reads ''"But no one in heaven or on earth or under the earth could open the scroll or even look inside it."'' It is contained in a narrative of the author's religious visions. The scroll referred to cannot be opened by anyone apart from The Lamb (Jesus) who alone is worthy to do so. When Jesus reads the scroll it is found to contain a list of the redeemed, 144,000 in all. 12,000 from each of the 12 tribes of Israel including the tribe of Benjamin. This may be an allusion to the shows theme of Lists.

'''http//www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Romans%20612&version=NIV Rom 612''' This book was written as indicated by its title to the Church in Rome. The particular verse referenced reads ''"Therefore do not let sin reign in your mortal body so that you obey its evil desires"'' and is part of Paul's invocation to become dead to sin and alive in Christ (Life and Death). Essentially Paul urges one to offer themselves to God and assures them of their salvation through Jesus' death. 

'''http//www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Titus%203&version=NIV Titus 3''' Titus was one of Paul's dearest partners in faith, and this is a letter from Paul to Titus. Since Mr. Eko used to be a criminal and now considers himself a priest, this may be significant. Titus 3 in particular is concerned with the previously sinful nature of the clergy before they came to know Christ, and were "Justified by grace" (Titus 37) and emphasizes the Mercy of Jesus.

==Other parallels==
* The http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caduceus Caduceus which is wrapped in a snake with the wings of Hermes.  Typically used for commerce and medicine.  Is the referenced symbol on the Staff.
* The staff of http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asclepius Asclepius also know as Ophiuchus (proper symbol for medicine).
* The http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flail_%28agriculture%29 flail and http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shepherd shepherd's http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crook crook were used in judiciary flagellation, the flail is depicted along side the shepherd’s “crook” as symbols of office for the crowned Egyptian Pharaoh, likely representing the living God's authority to judge and punish his subjects.
*A http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prelate prelate's http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crosier crosier



==Unanswered questions==

* What does the T 4 stand for?
* Why did Eko carve those particular references on the stick?
* Why did Eko write "LIFT UP YOUR EYES AND LOOK NORTH" if the real translation also includes "SOUTH, EAST, AND WEST"?
* How did Eko know the numbers?


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