American Broadcasting Company

The '''American Broadcasting Company (ABC)''', Inc., is the television and radio network in the United States that first aired and created ''Lost''.
{{I=Abclogo_large.jpg=300px=right=ABC logo}}
==History==
In the 1920s, NBC and CBS were the two main radio networks available. NBC had two different networks, the Blue network and the Red network. In 1943, NBC sold its Blue network to Edward Novel, who changed its name to ABC, in 1944. The ABC network began its airings on April 19th 1958. The three letters of its acronym have earned it the nickname, "the alphabet network."

On February 9th of the same year, the ownership of ABC was transferred to UPT, and in 1953 it was owned by Capital Cities company. In 1996, ABC was eventually sold to The Walt Disney Company, which has maintained its ownership until the present day. Specifically, the network's full name is American Broadcasting Companies, Inc., and is owned by the acronym-named parent company ABC, Inc. (formerly Capital Cities/ABC Inc.), which is owned by Disney.  Disney also owns Touchstone Picutres, and therefore also owns its subsidiary ABC Television Studio, formerly Touchstone Television, which produces Lost.  Disney's Buena Vista Television is the entity responsible for the management of ABC Television Studio's and ABC's television syndication, including that of Lost.

==Lost production==
===Pre-production===
Back at the time when ABC dropped to fourth place in the ratings, behind NBC, CBS and Fox, Lloyd Braun, the chairman and head of ABC, looked for a TV-series that could beat NBC's ER. He read two versions of a script by Jeffrey Lieber about a group of castaways on an island, which he did not like. Eventually, he turned to J.J. Abrams, the award-winning scriptwriter, and creator of ABC's Alias.
Abrams warned Braun that if he wanted him to re-write ''Nowhere'', the show would no longer be about a regular island, but would be in the category of science fiction, to which Braun agreed.{{source needed}}

After 6 days, the Pilot, Part 1 script was born, with the efforts of Abrams and a new writer, Damon Lindelof. Lloyd loved it, and felt "Lost" will be the savior of ABC. With Braun's green light, the episode soon became the most expensive pilot ever made - $12 million. Although Lloyd felt satisfied with its quality, his bosses such as Disney CEO Robert Iger were shocked and regarded Lost as "a crazy project that is never going to work", and moreover, "a waste of time".http//www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2005/08/14/wlost14.xml  Thus, before the shooting of the pilot episode ended on Oahu, Disney fired Lloyd, who later found employment with Yahoo! as the head of media and entertainment.

===Production===
{{I=Building23.jpg=left=200=Building 23 - Damon Lindelof's office in Burbank, CA}}
ABC Television Studio, formerly Touchstone Television, produces Lost for ABC. The Los Angeles office of Lost's production company  Grass Skirt Productions is located at ABC at The Walt Disney Company, and is the home base for the List of Lost writers, except the FX supervisor, who is now based in Hawaii http//featuresblogs.chicagotribune.com/entertainment_tv/2006/10/shooting_lost_b.html. The official video podcast with Damon Lindelof and Carlton Cuse is filmed here. These offices are the home base for most of the Executive producer of Lost, with the exception of Jack Bender and Jean Higgins, who are based with the film crew at the Hawaii Film Studio offices of Grass Skirt Productions in Honolulu, Hawaii. The ABC offices at the LA Disney lot are featured in the extra feature "Lost in a Day" on the Lost The Complete Third Season (DVD).
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{{I=hawaiifilmstudio.jpg=200=right=The entrance gate to the Hawaii Film Studio}}
The LA office of Grass Skirt Productions is at
LOST
500 S. Buena Vista St., Bldg 22
Burbank, CA 91521

The Hawaii offices of Grass Skirt Productions at Hawaii Film Studio, which is also used for fan mail, is at
c/o Grass Skirt Productions 
Hawaii Film Studio 
510 18th Ave. 
Honolulu, HI 96816

====ABC Commissary====
{{I=JacksShirtSeason1.jpg=200=right=Jack's shirt from Season 1 on display at the ABC Commissary at The Walt Disney Company's Hollywood Studios in Orlando, Florida}}
''Main article The Walt Disney CompanyThe_Walt_Disney_Company at the Disney Hollywood Studios (formerly Disney-MGM Studios) theme park near Orlando, Florida.  These include scripts, Charlie's checkered shoes, and outfits worn by Jack and Kate. This location is a restaurant which is a reproduction of the ABC Commissary in New York City.  The displayed items rotate frequently across ABC's various programs, and are located within display cases on both sides of the restaurant.

====ABC Television Studio (formerly Touchstone Television)====
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==Internet==
{{I=ABCLostWebsite.jpg=right=200=ABC's ''Lost'' website}}
ABC maintains several presences on the web related to ''Lost''. These include the http//abc.go.com/primetime/lost/index ABC website, and Oceanic-air.com, a tie-in site that pre-dated ''The Lost Experience''. However, ABC is not involved with the ''Lost'' creative team's official forums at Thefuselage.com.  Therefore the LostpediaCanon of content unique to ABC's websites has been disputed by fans.

ABC was one of the early adopters to offer video downloads of several of its shows, including ''Lost'' and ''Desperate Housewives'', available for purchase via Apple's iTunes Music store.  Starting with Season 3, ''Lost'' episodes and clips are available for free viewing within ABC's own website.

===ABC.go.com website===
{{I=ABCFullLengthEpisodes.jpg=left=200=Full-length episodes may be viewed for free on ABC's website}}
The http//abc.go.com/index.html ABC website has several sections for getting content related to its programming, including http//abc.go.com/video/index video clips, http//dynamic.abc.go.com/streaming/landing full episode viewing, and http//abcmobile.playp.biz/Default.aspx mobile content.  ABC's website was the first network website to offer full-length streaming episodes online, from such shows as ''Grey's Anatomy'', ''Desperate Housewives'', ''Lost'', and ''Ugly Betty''.  Starting in July of 2007, ABC started offering HD streaming of shows, including ''Lost'', in 1280x720 resolution.  The episodes are uploaded to the website the day after they are aired on ABC, however only viewers from the United States can use this service.

The http//abc.go.com/primetime/lost/index ''Lost'' section of ABC's website includes http//abc.go.com/primetime/lost/index?pn=recaps episode recaps (written by Gregg Nationshttp//abc.go.com/shows/lost/episode-guide), http//abc.go.com/primetime/lost/index?pn=photos promotional still gallery, http//abctvstore.seenon.com/index.php?v=lost store, http//abc.go.com/primetime/lost/index?pn=podcast Official Lost Podcast, ''http//abc.go.com/primetime/lost/missingpieces/index?pn=index Lost Missing Pieces'', and more.  Prior to Season 3, it also included a diary, purportedly from survivors of Flight 815.  However, since the authorship of this material was from ABC, rather than from the creators of ''Lost'', many fans do not consider the storyline of the diary to be part of LostpediaCanon. From 2007, the Lost section also included external feeds from unofficial fan forums and fan blogs, an apparent marketing attempt to capitalize on the fan universe and possibly any viral marketing potential.

On April 18, 2008 the website launched http//abc.go.com/primetime/lost/index?pn=lostscape LOSTscape, a minigame where fans are able to explore and interact with iconic items from the series set within an "island landscape", and view clips from the shows in which the items are used. 

====Podcasts====
''Main article at PortalOfficial 'Lost' Podcast.''
ABC produces audio podcasts, available on the ''Lost'' website and at iTunes, where Damon Lindelof and Carlton Cuse discuss the show. In each podcast, released after an Episode List is aired, the two writers and producers discuss the previous episode, preview the next episode, and answer fans' questions.

They also occasionally provide video podcasts.  The latest installments are available on the ''Lost'' website, and the backlog is available from the iTunes feed. {{brclear}}

====Official Lost Wiki====
''Main article Lost Wiki (website)''
In October 2006, ABC "adopted" a relatively small ''Lost'' encyclopedia, a wiki system based on ''Wetpaint'' software that had existed since May 2006.  The website was moved to be a part of the ABC website and re-launched as the official ''Lost'' Wiki. On October 15, 2007, ABC's contract with Lost Wiki expired. ABC did not renew it, therefore, Lost Wiki became "unofficial".

====Lost Book Club====
LOST Book Club is a feature of the ABC Lost website in 2008-9. 
{{Main}}

====Lost Showdown====
LOST Showdown is a feature of the ABC Lost website in 2008-9. http//abc.go.com/primetime/lost/index?pn=showdown
{{quote=
Everything happens for a reason. In LOST Showdown, some of the most memorable happenings from the series will vie for your vote in weekly competition to determine the ultimate moment from the past four seasons.  Watch the video clips and vote for your favorite moment every week until the winner is revealed on Wednesday, February 11th.}} 
''Website text retrieved January 7, 2009''
The favorite moment selected through the Lost Showdown was Charlie's sacrifice, "A selfless act, Charlie sacrifices his life in order to save Desmond's in 'Through the Looking Glass.'"

Another Lost Showdown is a vote to determine the best couple in the Love Quadrangle (Jack and Kate, Jack and Juliet, Sawyer and Kate, Sawyer and Juliet).

====Lost New Transmissions====
LOST New Transmissions http//blogs.abc.com/newtransmissions/ is an official blog hosted on the ABC Lost website, and written by Paul Terry, editor of Lost The Official Magazine. 

====Lost message board====
ABC's Lost website also hosts a message board, a discussion forum for fans.http//abc.go.com/primetime/lost/index?pn=mb&cat=33026 (This forum is different from Thefuselage.com forums, which are operated by the creative team behind ''Lost'', rather than by ABC.)

====Inside the Experience====
{{Main}}
Inside the Experience is the blog by Speaker, who was one of the official bloggers for the first ''Lost'' alternate reality game, The Lost Experience.  However, occasional posts have continued through at least October 2008.

{{I=Seatingchart1.jpg=right=200=The seat numbers chart from the Oceanic website.}}

===Oceanic-air.com===
''Main article Oceanic-air.com''

The Oceanic-air.com website is owned and operated by ABC (as indicated by the site's WHOIS listing), and not by ''Lost'''s creative team.

The site included several hidden messages and a reference to the Mapinguari.  The LostpediaCanon nature of some information from this site, such as unseen characters and their storyline, is marginal, as it was not part of ''The Lost Experience'', and the authorship is from ABC rather than directly from the creators of ''Lost''.
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===Oceanicflight815.com===
{{I=Oceanicflight815.home.PNG=right=200=Oceanicflight815.com.com's front page}}
''Main article Oceanicflight815.com''

Oceanicflight815.com is an official ABC-operated website that is designed as a puzzle known as a "webmaze". This site was discovered by navigating through Oceanic-air.com If the row numbers on the seating chart are clicked in the order of the Numbers, a Season 2 promo was played, after which the browser is redirected to the previously-unknown website Oceanicflight815.com.  The site also features the "zombie season" Joke script pages.
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===ABCmedianet.com===

{{main}}
ABCmedianet.com is ABC's official distribution point for press release content.

==Programming==
===ABC Enhanced TV===
{{Main}}
ABC Enhanced TV is ABC's viewer-interactive programming.

===Lost's influence===
''Lost'' (along with ''wikipediaDesperate Housewives'' and wikipediaGrey's Anatomy's Anatomy, among others) is often credited with helping to "revive" ABC in its maiden, 2004-05 seasonhttp//www.usatoday.com/life/television/news/2005-04-26-tv-lookback_x.htm. Prior to that, ABC had been falling behind other networks with unpopular derivative shows and low ratings. Thanks to ''Lost'' and other new shows of that season, ABC was revived as one of the stronger networks and has remained so since. The success of ''Lost'' (as well as Fox's ''24'') also spawned subsequent attempts at various networks at serial dramas with continuous storylines{{Source needed}}, especially those with flashbacks and an element of mystery, such as ABC's own ''The Nine''http//www.msnbc.msn.com/id/13934620/?page=7 and ''Daybreak'', even though serial dramas tend to be less popular, and therefore less profitable, in syndication.  Recent serial drama attempts include ''Six Degrees'', ''Ugly Betty'', ''Kidnapped'', ''Vanished'', ''Brothers and Sisters'' as well as NBC's ''Heroes'', http//www.boston.com/ae/tv/articles/2006/12/31/drama_takes_a_serial_turn/ which also includes an ethnically diverse cast, science fiction roots, and even an Alternate Reality Game (ARG) reminiscent of ''The Lost Experience''.

====New media====
''Lost'' has been notable for also being at the forefront of "new media" and unorthodox approaches and extensions to the episodes themselves.http//www.cityofsound.com/blog/2006/03/why_lost_is_gen.html  These include alternatives to traditional broadcasting such as iPod and cellphone downloads, streaming downloads, and video on demand (VOD http//online.wsj.com/article/SB117859428581995482.html?mod=todays_us_marketplace), as well as creator commentary such as the official podcasts and the official discussion forum The Fuselage, ancillary metafiction (''Bad Twin''), and original content released during broadcast hiatuses such as the international alternate reality game The Lost Experience between Seasons 2 and 3, and the mobisodes (Lost Missing Pieces) released between Seasons 3 and 4.  Disney CEO Bob Iger has noted that these new corporate strategies are possible partly because fans of ''Lost'' are "unusually engaged." http//blogs.wsj.com/ces2007/2007/01/09/monday-night-keynote/ http//web.archive.org/20070506193818/www.hollywoodreporter.com/hr/content_display/business/news/e3ida90dc7b5e3c5134b28a898af192172f?imw=Y The contracts completed for the creation of the latter with the Screen Actors Guild, especially regarding residuals for new media distribution, were the first of their kind.  There have also been various merchandise efforts to tying into the show.  There has also been a accompanying unofficial fan ecosystem of blogs, forums, websites, and even columns from mainstream media that has emergedhttp//infocult.typepad.com/infocult/2006/06/lost_the_lostpe.html, partially dedicated to the relatively unusual task of fan theories and analysis, and actual content has even referenced these fan media, such as the Desmond's "snowglobe" quip {{crossref}} and the self-referential The Final Episode (parody). Internationally, many broadcasters have launched dedicated websites for ''Lost'', and even the marketing for Lost Series 2 Part 1 (Region 2) was accompanied by a "viral marketing" website (whatislost.com).

===Current===
''WikipediaBoston Legal'', ''WikipediaDancing with the Stars (US TV series)'', ''WikipediaDesperate Housewives'', ''WikipediaExtreme Makeover Home Edition'', ''WikipediaFlashForward'', ''WikipediaGood Morning America'', ''WikipediaGrey's Anatomy's Anatomy'', ''WikipediaJimmy Kimmel Live!!'', ''Lost'', ''WikipediaOctober Road (TV series)'', ''WikipediaUgly Betty'', ''WikipediaThe View'', and ''WikipediaWife Swap''.

===Former===
''Alias'', ''WikipediaCharlie's Angels's Angels'', ''WikipediaCommander in Chief (TV series)'', ''WikipediaDharma and Greg& Greg'', ''wikipediaFantasy Island'', ''WikipediaFull House'', ''WikipediaHome Improvement'', ''WikipediaNYPD Blue'', ''WikipediaSabrina, the Teenage Witch (TV_series), the Teenage Witch'', ''WikipediaThe Drew Carey Show'', ''WikipediaWho's the Boss?'s the Boss?'', ''WikipediaWho Wants to Be a Millionaire??'', ''WikipediaWhose Line Is It Anyway??'', ''WikipediaSchoolhouse Rock!!'', ''WikipediaMonday Night Football'', ''WikipediaAmerican_Bandstand'', ''WikipediaDonny & Marie (1976 TV series)'', ''WikipediaThe_Dating_Game'', ''WikipediaFamily_Feud'', ''WikipediaFull_House'',''WikipediaThe_Newlywed_Game'', ''WikipediaThe Lawrence Welk Show'', ''WikipediaKung Fu (TV series)'', ''WikipediaBatman (TV series)'', ''WikipediaThe Six Million Dollar Man'', ''WikipediaBattlestar Galactica (1978 TV series)'', ''WikipediaMax Headroom (TV series)'', ''WikipediaThe_Outer_Limits'', ''WikipediaThe Fugitive (TV series)'', ''WikipediaChina_Beach'', ''WikipediaMoonlighting (TV series)'', ''WikipediaTaxi (TV series)'', ''WikipediaThe Partridge Family'', ''WikipediaThe Odd Couple (TV series)'', ''wikipediaMcHale's Navy's Navy'', ''wikipediaThe Love Boat'', ''wikipediaLeave It to Beaver'', ''wikipediaMork & Mindy& Mindy'', ''wikipediaThe Addams Family (TV series)'', ''wikipediaBarney Miller'', ''wikipediaBewitched'',''wikipediaDiff'rent Strokes'rent Strokes'', ''wikipediaHome Improvement'', ''wikipediaRoseanne (TV series)'', ''wikipediaSoap (TV series)'', ''wikipediaThree's Company's Company'', ''wikipediaThe Wonder Years'', ''wikipediaBaretta'', ''wikipediaMatlock (TV series)'', ''wikipediaThe Mod Squad'', ''wikipediaStarsky and Hutch'',  ''wikipediaTwin Peaks'', ''wikipediaRyan's Hope's Hope'', ''wikipediaThe Fall Guy'', ''wikipediaZorro (TV series)'', ''wikipediaMaverick (TV series)'', ''wikipediaPolitically Incorrect'', ''wikipediaThe Bugs Bunny Show'', ''wikipediaThe Jetsons'', ''wikipediaThe Flintstones'', ''wikipediaThe Mickey Mouse Club'', and ''wikipediaBattle of the Network Stars''.

==See also==
*The Walt Disney Company's Hollywood Studios theme park, formerly Disney-MGM Studios theme park
*ABC Television Studio
*Bad Robot
*Diary
*Grass Skirt Productions
*Hawaii Film Studio
*Oceanic-air.com
*PortalOfficial 'Lost' Podcast
*Ratings
*Sunset on the Beach
*Thefuselage.com

===Employees===
ABC employees with relevance to Lost include
*Lloyd Braun
*Michael Benson, executive vice president, Marketing
*Erin Felentzer - public relations
*Jeff Fordis - press release writer
*Charissa Gilmore
*Stephen McPherson
*Bryan Noon, ABC Television Head of Finance http//www.backstage.com/bso/news_reviews/film/article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1003591088
*Mario Perez
*Kris White, official podcast producer
*Marlene Zakovich, Executive Director of Corporate Communications (Primetime)

==External links==
*http//abctvstore.cafepress.com/abcstore ABC TV Store - Official online store for t-shirts, DVDs, posters, etc.
*http//abc.go.com/primetime/lost/index.html ABC Lost
*http//www.abctvstudiopress.com/shows/lost/lost_lead.shtml ABC Television Studios - Lost page
*http//www.abcmedianet.com/web/showpage/showpage.aspx?program_id=001648&type=lead ABCmedianet's Lost page - includes still photography and press releases
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