{{Affiliation infobox
|image=FileCombine main symbol.svg|250px
|name=The Combine 
|type=Cross universe/dimensional empire
|types=Overwatch and other superbeings of the Universal Union
|capital=Combine Overworld
*City 17 (on Earth)
|weapons=See CategoryCombine weapons|Combine weapons
|equipment=See CategoryCombine technology|Combine technology
|era=* Seven Hour War
* The Uprising
|designer=*Viktor Antonov (technology and architecture)
*Ted Backman (Synths and humanoid units)
*Dhabih Eng (early technology and architecture, Synths and humanoid units)''Half-Life 2 Raising the Bar''
*Marc Laidlaw (story)
|entity=* npc_breen
* npc_advisor
* npc_combine_s
* npc_combinedropship
* npc_strider
* npc_metropolice
* npc_cscanner
* npc_sniper
* npc_clawscanner
* npc_stalker
* npc_combinegunship
* npc_hunter
{{Quote|We should thank Our Benefactors for giving us respite from this overpowering force. They have thrown a switch and exorcised our demons in a single stroke. They have given us the strength we never could have summoned to overcome this compulsion. They have given us purpose. They have turned our eyes toward the stars.| Wallace Breen, addressing citizens' concerns about the Combine negating human reproduction.|Half-Life 2}}

The '''Combine''', abbreviated as '''CMB''' and referred to as '''"Our Benefactors"'''Breencasts in propaganda, is the title of an immense and powerful interdimensional organization, composed of a massive variety of both allied and enslaved species. It is the Primary Antagonistic Force in ''Half-Life 2''. The goal of the Combine is to build an interdimensional Empire known as the '''Universal Union''' and  dominate the Multiverse.http// Marc Laidlaw Vault on

FileCombine Advisor Ep2.jpg|thumb|200px|left|A Combine Advisor.

The Combine empire sprawls across multiple parallel universes and is composed of an unknown number of sentient species. No one knows who is leading or managing the Combine, but it is known that aliens called Advisors are doing all important administration between the Human race and the Combine. 

The Combine manipulates species through a variety of means, including bioengineering and artificial implantation. The products of the Combine's re-engineering process are known as "synths", bio-mechanical organisms that serve a variety of functions within the empire. The Combine also uses their technology to create armies of super-soldiers, uniquely adapted for the particular environments of the conquered worlds. This process results in a highly mobile and adaptive military force which is able to respond to any threat and crush any opposition. 

Vocal stress is placed on the first syllable. The name is pronounced ''COM-bine'', as in ''Combine'' harvester, as opposed to the verb form ''com-BINE'', as in "to join together or unite." Dr. Breen refers to the Combine Soldiers and Civil Protection as "The Transhuman Arm of the Combine Overwatch" Breencasts in Nova Prospekt, verifying that "Combine" is an accepted name of the empire, even by the empire itself.

It is unknown how many worlds the Combine has under its control; it is known that in addition to Earth, the Combine invaded the homeworld of the Nihilanth's species. The defeated Nihilanth escaped the onslaught and sought refuge in Xen.''PC Zone'' magazine, September 2005. It brought with it a members of a number of enslaved or allied species, including the Vortigaunts.Marc Laidlaw's http// e-mail on Xen, Planet Half-Life Mailbag.

Subsequent to the invasion of Nihilanth's unnamed homeworld, Earth became the Combine's most recently known annexation. It was acquired following Earth's surrender at the end of the Seven Hour War. Following the standard Combine process, members of Earth's dominant species were modified to form a new arm of the Combine military. In addition to forming the bulk of the Combine garrison on Earth, in-game dialogue suggests that units of the transhuman arm of Overwatch are also deployed across the Combine Empire in a "permanent off-world re-location". Assignment on other worlds is considered a horrible fate for Overwatch soldiers unfortunate enough to be stuck with it, and is often used as a punishment.''Half-Life 2'' - as stated by the Overwatch Voice

===Combine teleportation===
Despite the highly advanced technical capabilities of the Combine, they appear to have a relatively limited grasp of teleportation technology. Judith Mossman|Dr. Mossman explains that while the Combine can teleport from one universe to another, they do not know how to teleport between different locations in the same universe. The teleportation method developed by Black Mesa enables same-universe translocation, and as a result the Combine is eager to obtain information on their teleportation technology. Dr. Mossman actually helps the Combine build a teleporter with such capabilities in Nova Prospekt, but it is destroyed during Alyx Vance|Alyx and Gordon Freeman|Gordon's escape. 

The Combine's method of teleportation appears to be highly inefficient compared to Black Mesa's equivalent; a large amount of power and massive pieces of machinery are required to perform teleportation, as seen at the end of ''Half-Life 2'', where Wallace Breen|Dr. Breen attempts to escape from the Citadel using a Combine teleporter. This teleporter requires a Dark Fusion Reactor|dark fusion reactor to power it, while the teleporters designed by humans require relatively small amounts of power and very little machinery in comparison. Xen teleporters appear to require almost no machinery or energy of any kind. 

While the physics of teleportation are poorly explained, it is known that Xenian teleporters use Xen as a "dimensional slingshot," bouncing off of one universe to another, and from one location in a certain universe to another in the same universe. Combine teleporters cannot do this, instead having to "tunnel" through dimensions to the target universe.

==Combine on Earth==
===Invasion of Earth===
FileBME newspaper clips.jpg|right|thumb|250px|Newspaper clippings found in Doctor Eli Vance|Eli's lab in Black Mesa East depict scenes from the Portal Storm and the following Seven Hour War. Note the sections stressed by a yellow highlighter pen.

Following the Nihilanth's demise, the Combine found that they were able to use the Portal Storm|portal storm that was occurring at the time to reach Earth, where they launched a massive invasion that culminated in the Seven Hour War. Statements made by the G-Man suggest that the human race was unable to mount any effective resistance to the Combine armies, and that Earth's military forces were almost instantly overwhelmed. 

Former administrator of the Black Mesa Research Facility, Dr. Wallace Breen, negotiated a surrender on Earth's behalf and was appointed the administrator of the Combine's forces on Earth.http// ''Half-Life 2'' Walkthrough - Chapter 5 Black Mesa East. Planet Half-Life.

===Combine dominance on Earth===

The Combine rules Earth from a massive structure known as the Citadel, this one being in City 17, where Dr. Breen runs his operation. At the end of ''Half-Life 2'', as Doctor Breen attempts to teleport off of Earth using the dark fusion reactor, a massive portal is created and, through it, several buildings that resemble Citadels are visible.

At the start of the game, the Combine appear to have almost complete dominance of the remaining pockets of civilized Earth, and do not identify who Gordon Freeman is. However, Doctor Breen immediately informs a Combine Advisor of Freeman's appearance during a teleport accident, in which Gordon Freeman appeared in Doctor Breen's office for a brief amount of time. Only a Resistance|handful of rebels, loosely organized in a ragtag resistance, are secretly opposing the Combine. Gordon Freeman's actions after his return eventually inspire a massive insurrection against the Combine in City 17, which results in a The Uprising|full-scale street war between the citizens and the Combine forces.

The reasons behind the Combine's desire to control the Earth are unknown, other than the absorption of Earth's resources, the use of human teleporter technology and the enslavement and exploitation of its dominant species - the humans - for either menial work or military service, considering that "permanent off world assignment" is threatened to soldiers who fail in their attempts to kill or capture Gordon Freeman throughout the game.

===Suppression Field===
FilePlayground.jpg|left|thumb|250px|A symbolically empty playground in City 17.{{main|Suppression Field}}
The Combine, since gaining dominance on Earth, have imposed a "suppression field," which serves to inhibit human reproduction. The field prohibits the formation of certain protein chains that are vital to human embryonic development; this has effectively reduced the global human birth rate to zero, and has ensured that the humans currently alive will be the last generation. 

Doctor Breen addresses this issue to the people via a broadcast during the early levels of ''Half-Life 2'' as the response to a letter written to him by a "concerned citizen." Avoiding answering the question itself, Breen explains that he believes the field is a positive influence, as it supposedly nullifies one of mankind's basest, most instinctual urges; he claims that the field will be deactivated once the humans prove that they "no longer need it".

During the game, Resistance members occasionally make humorous remarks about the suppression field, such as "When this is all over, I'm gonna mate." It was initially thought that the suppression field somehow prevented human sexual urges, mainly due to Dr. Breen's statement that it was suppressing "the ''urge'' to reproduce," but this statement may in fact be referring to the suppression field's physiological effects causing human "urges" to ''diminish'' rather than to stop outright.

In ''Half-Life 2 Episode One'', it has been revealed by Isaac Kleiner|Dr. Isaac Kleiner during his transmissions throughout the city that the suppression field has been disabled with the near destruction of the Citadel. He says that everyone who has escaped City 17 "should do their part" in the re-population of the human species "before the Combine attempt to restore their dominion."  When Alyx Vance hears this, she remarks "Is Dr. Kleiner really telling everyone to...get busy?" Eli Vance would jokingly give Alyx and Gordon a similar suggestion, claiming to want grandchildren.

===Mind control and memory replacement===
{{main|Memory Replacement}}

FileSoldier bed.jpg|thumb|150px|right|A Overwatch Soldier|Combine soldier connected to a memory replacement device.

Comments at the City 17 Trainstation|trainstation at the start of ''Half-Life 2'' suggest that the Combine have been drugging the populace through their water supply. One of the citizens remarks "Don't drink the water... they put something in it, to make you forget. I don't even remember how I got here." This is not mentioned elsewhere, but the idea is reinforced by the numerous soda machines stocked with "Dr. Breen's Private Reserve", which freely dispense water in a standard 12-ounce can.

The insinuated reason for this supposed mind control is so that humans forget why they hate the Combine, and will willingly accede to their (and Breen's) demands, and to create a fresh mental template for forced re-education.

In addition, a Combine radio transmission to Civil Protection officers states "Reminder, memory replacement is the first step to rank privileges." This could explain why none of the CPs are able to join the Resistance after the Uprising (apart from Barney Calhoun, who was a double agent for the Resistance to begin with;) their memories may either forbid them from harboring any negative thoughts toward their Combine overlords or program them to believe that the Combine must be protected. 

However, Barney suggests the opposite when, during ''Episode One'', he states that "now it looks like we're gonna have to cut a path through every chickenshit Metrocop who's having second thoughts about defending City 17!".''Half-Life 2 Episode One''. Chapter ''Half-Life 2 Episode One Fight|Urban Fight'' What this could mean is the Combine presents an illusion of free will by promising privileges to CPs willing to give up their memories, despite their loss of humanity, and the possibility that the Combine just takes CPs into Nova Prospekt without their knowledge.

Information about forced memory replacement can be found in the games data files, specifically this model (above) named "soldier bed", seen later inside the Citadel during ''Episode One''. This model closely resembles that of concept art in ''Half-Life 2 Raising the Bar''. The machine itself consists of Combine emitters and equipment, attached is an arm-like device holding a human body. Lastly, a shell-like apparatus envelops the head; containing three different screens and panels. Accompanying this model is a small group of sounds resembling harsh subliminal messaging; this audiovisual messaging system explains the military training used by normal post-human individuals.

This model, in addition to several bizarre sounds of voices in the data files, suggests that this "brainwashing" memory replacement is an important part of the transhuman operation. The process of erasing memories, Combine propaganda, and eventually, memory replacement results in a soldier incapable of rebelling against the Combine influence, as well as enabling transhumans with no military background training to become part of the Overwatch forces.

===Human genocide===
FileBaby spray.png|thumb|250px|Graffiti sprayed near Black Mesa East and other places (such as Matt's home), with a Combine (or possibly Resistance, or even a recycled Conscript) soldier holding a baby next to the word 'Caste'.


The Combine do not flinch at committing acts of extreme brutality and even genocide in order to maintain control over the human populace. In the ''Half-Life 2'' Chapter ''Route Kanal'', a Underground Railroad|refugee base is raided, and a few members of the base are lined up against the wall and shot just as Gordon arrives. The town of Ravenholm was Headcrab Shell|shelled with the intention of killing all residents, and throughout the ''Highway 17'' chapter, the player encounters numerous bodies in the houses of the coast, including some that have been burnt by the Combine in a bonfire.

====The absence of children====

It is obvious that the children are missing in ''Half-Life 2'' and its episodes. The main reason is the placement of the Suppression Field by the Combine, right after their victory at the end of the Seven Hour War. Given that the Combine have been occupying Earth for nearly twenty years, the humans that Gordon sees throughout the game are possibly the last humans born naturally.

Evidence such as the ghostly laughs and screams of children that can be heard in the playground outside one of the apartments in the first chapter, a crying couple that can be seen shortly thereafter, the fact that the player doesn't see any children in the most human-populated areas, remarks by Resistance members such as "I'm glad there's no kids around to see this," and the presence of discarded toys such as baby dolls can be seen during the game, but they are only reminders of the past.

According to ''Half-Life 2 Raising the Bar'', the children were present in the Half-Life 2 Beta|early stages of the game development, in an area of City 17 called the Combine Factories. Adults and children were to work in this area closely watched by Metrocops and Combots. In the Cremator Factory, children were building Cremators. As the concept of human reproduction being disabled by the Suppression Field evolved, children finally got cut with the whole area, along with the Cremator.

===Depletion of Earth's resources===

FileDocks overview.jpg|thumb|250px|The draining of Earth's oceans is easily the most striking sign of the Combine's rule on the planet.

It is evident at several points in the game that the Combine are depleting Earth's natural resources. 

One of the official ''Half-Life 2'' descriptions details how Gordon Freeman must return to "an Earth infested with aliens and being picked to the bone." http// ''Half-Life 2'' on WikipediaSteam (software)|Steam 

One of the most noticeable signs is that Earth's ocean levels have dropped dramatically. This can be seen during the coastal chapters ''Half-Life 2 storyline 17|Highway 17'' and ''Half-Life 2 storyline'', and the waterways of City 17 in ''Route Kanal'' and ''Water Hazard''. The coastline is littered with boats and ships resting on what was previously seabed, and there are various docks and piers that are no longer standing in water, but instead standing on the old seabed. 

At the beginning of ''Highway 17'', Gordon arrives at a harbor which is now a considerable distance from the water's edge. Indications of the previous sea level can be judged by moss which had previously gathered on harbor structures at the edge of the water, but which now lie several feet higher than the ground level. 

It is mentioned in the book ''Half-Life 2 Raising the Bar'' that this massive, planet-wide water drainage is accomplished through the presence of a giant Combine "drain", actually a teleporter, which sends the water to other Combine-enslaved planets.

More generally, parts of the game world are flooded with parasitic headcrabs and toxic waste, making them generally inhospitable to human life. Infrastructure is either decaying (as with Highway 17, which is in a state of incredible disrepair and littered with old rusting cars) or rendered completely useless (as with Nova Prospekt, where the traditional prison area is mostly flooded and run down, if not outright destroyed by the explosion at the end of the chapter ''Half-Life 2 storyline''). 

Earth creatures|Animals are rarely seen inside and outside of City 17, suggesting that animals are critically endangered; though, strangely, birds are the only animals that are seen in ''Half-Life 2''. The Fisherman in ''Half-Life 2 Lost Coast|Lost Coast'' comments that there's no fish left to eat, only Leeches which devour anyone who steps into the ocean, posing a further threat to humanity.

Additionally, City 17 itself is being devoured, as Combine Walls spread outward from the Citadel, consuming the city's buildings. It is unknown whether the Combine are purely using this method to destroy the city, or whether they're actually gathering raw materials from the city's structures. 

During the development of Half-Life 2, the Combine originally had a huge industrial facility which was referred to as the Air Exchange, which gradually absorbed Earth's air and replaced it with chemicals and other murky gases which were harmful to humans, but most likely ideal for an environment that the Combine master race could inhabit. It was up to Gordon Freeman to travel to the Combine Air Exchange after the prison levels. Gordon's actions at the Air Exchange were to trigger the human insurrection against the Combine in City 17, but as the level was dropped, this was instead made to happen due to Gordon's actions at Nova Prospekt.

FilePaperposter001b.png|right|thumb|150px|"Dove" poster commonly seen through City 17.


The Combine heavily relies on imagery through logos, symbols, and propaganda posters to assure their influence on Earth and remind its residents of their presence. Combine units - humanoid and Synth - also bear insignias, logos, and other markings. Many Combine posters are also scattered around City 17 and its sector (including the Coast, Nova Prospekt, etc.). Most of the time they include two common Combine symbols, with variants in color and image backgrounds. Most Combine imagery is quite abstract, and the intended messages can be very subtle.


Breencasts are regular broadcasts made by Dr. Breen, delivered to the populace of Combine controlled towns and cities via private televisions and, more commonly, large video monitors mounted on walls in public places such as town squares and railway stations. As the messages simply loop, it is possible that all announcements are pre-recorded.

==Combine military technology==

The Combine use the technological growth of other civilizations against them. Weapons, vehicles and other technology are assimilated into the Combine armory; the Overwatch utilizes Earth's small arms, armored personnel carriers, trains, and helicopters, often re-designing them for greater efficiency. Most of Combine's military units on Earth are either Human or originated from Humans, like  Overwatch Soldiers. Other vehicles and machines used by the Combine are clearly of non-human origin; examples of this are the Strider and the Gunship, both of which are derived from living creatures that are possibly transbeings of other enslaved civilizations. 

Nova Prospekt, while a Combine stronghold, has only a little evidence of occupation. The building itself and its coastal defenses are just recycled human structures, thrown together almost hastily. Indeed, most areas used by the Combine feature little unique architecture.

FileSoldier antlion.jpg|right|250px|Combine Soldier fighting Antlions along the Coast.|thumb

===Combine Overwatch===

The primary military force of the Combine on Earth is the Combine Overwatch (referred to by Doctor Breen as the "Transhuman arm of the Combine Overwatch",Breencasts although he could be referring to the entire Combine military presence on earth as the Overwatch and the ranks including modified humans are the transhuman arm.) humans who have been modified into "transhuman" (or "post-human", as referred to by Isaac Kleiner|Dr. Kleiner) cyborgs. They are the most frequently encountered foes throughout ''Half-Life 2''.  

It is important to note that Civil Protection units are not hybrids and are in fact, human.

*'''Civil Protection''' The quasi thought-police that patrols the cities, monitor the public airways, and conduct randomized raids. Since little modification is involved, some Resistance members, such as Barney Calhoun, join Civil Protection in order to go under cover to investigate Combine activity and tip off would-be victims.

*'''Overwatch Soldier''' The main military of the Combine on Earth. Soldiers patrol and enforce Combine law outside of the city boundaries. It includes the Overwatch Soldier Soldier|Shotgun Soldier and the Overwatch Soldier Prospekt Prison Guard|Nova Prospekt Prison Guard.

*'''Overwatch Elite''' The Elite soldiers of the Combine Overwatch. They've undergone extensive modifications and are seen protecting the Citadel or occasionally leading squads of regular soldiers.

*'''Stalker''' Mutilated, drone-like slaves that are created from dissident Citizens and captured Rebels.

===Combine Synth===

Synths are creatures that, over a course of imposed evolution and alteration by the Combine, have come to fit a particular niche in the Combine military. Once self-replicating organic creatures that originated from different worlds, they were enslaved and assimilated into the Combine to become the backbone of their military. 

Various types of Synth have been brought over to Earth by the Combine. It is likely that Synths were the primary forces used by the Combine during the Seven Hour War, as the human-derived Combine units, as well as technology such as hunter-choppers and APCs, would have only been developed after the Combine's rule on Earth had been established.

*'''Advisor Pod''' The escape pods used by the Advisors.

*'''Crab Synth''' Never actually fought, but seen in ''Half-Life 2'' in the Citadel, files, and the Half-Life 2 Beta|''Half-Life 2'' Beta.

*'''Combine Dropship|Dropship''' Primary troop and weapon transport of the Combine.

*'''Combine Gunship|Gunship''' Assault aircraft that usually fight in groups of two for protection.

*'''Hunter''' Medium ground assault units,similar to Strider,but still quite different

*'''Mortar Synth''' Never actually fought, but seen in ''Half-Life 2'' in the Citadel, files, and the ''Half Life 2'' Beta.

*'''Shield Scanner''' An organic version of the City Scanner. Transports hopper mines into battlefields.

*'''Strider''' Large ground assault units used by the Combine. Walks on three incredibly long legs, towering over the battlefield.

===Combine Combat Technology===
The Combine employs numerous devices and weapons that are used in the day-to-day policing and surveillance of the general populace. Some of these are merely human inventions that have been re-designed by the Combine to better suit their purposes, while others are either original,or re-designed technology of other civilizations.

*'''Manhack''' Essentially, a flying, autonomous circular saw capable of tracking targets.

*'''Rollermine''' A ball-shaped 'mine' with a rudimentary targeting system that, once activated, follows anything it identifies as a threat and subjects it to electric shocks. They can also attach themselves to vehicles such as the Scout Car.

*'''Hopper Mine''' A programmable explosive device that hops into the air and explodes when approached by an enemy.

*'''City Scanner''' A flying security camera and scout that takes pictures of enemies and relays their location to its command center. Also "dive-bombs" its target if subject to enough incoming fire. Occasionally used as a spotter for Striders. &;

*'''Combine Sentry Gun|Sentry Gun, Combine Ceiling Turret|Ceiling Turret and Combine Ground Turret|Ground Turret''' Programmable, autonomous sentry weapons.

*'''APCs''' The main mode of transport of Civil Protection, are a common sight within the cities. They are armed with a missile launcher and a mounted pulse rifle.

*'''Hunter-Chopper''' Piloted by two members of the Overwatch, this vehicle is primarily used to track down solitary members of the Resistance, or small groups of Resistance soldiers. Heavily armed and armored, it features a pulse cannon and can saturate an area with mines.

* '''Razor Trains''' - Combine trains made to transfer Combine Troops, supplies, and prisoners to locations.

* '''Headcrab Shell''' - They deploy where the resistance outpost and base area, especially in the Uprising as it been see very common on City 17 and Outland.

==Combine Architecture==

Most examples of Combine structures share a featureless, imposing aesthetic, making heavy use of blocky, monolithic shapes and being constructed of dull blue-gray metal. Their buildings are almost entirely functional, lacking any adornment or embellishment whatsoever.

* '''The Citadel''' - The large building looking after City 17 and Combine forces.
* '''The Depot''' - A Combine building looking after prisoners at Nova Prospekt.

==Behind the scenes==

*Originally, the Combine were to use Earth's building materials and twist them to make their own buildings. This resulted in odd designs, such as the Citadel's interior being made out of ceramic tiles. This was cut for the familiar metal used by the Combine in the final version.

*Some Combine units were cut from the final version of ''Half-Life 2'' for various reasons, such as redundancy or unsatisfying gameplay. Some were recycled into other units seen in the final version. These cut enemies include the Combine Assassin, the Alien Assassin, the Conscripts (Though they would later become allies and assist the rebels after the Air Exchange is destroyed), the Cremator, the Combine Guard, Combine Synth Elite Soldier, the Alien Combine Soldier, the Combine Super Soldier and the Sacktick.

*During the E3 demo, the Citadel is referred to as "the Combine", implying that the Citadel's original name could have possibly known as the Combine.

*The name "Combine" is possibly a reference to the novel ''WikipediaOne Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (novel)|One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest'' by Ken Kesey. In which, the novel's narrator combines different authorities in his mind, calling them "The Combine" in reference to the mechanistic way they manipulate and process individuals, much like ''Half-Life 2'' Combine.
*The Combine may also be named for the Wikipediacombine harvester|Combine Harvester machine used in grain farming, so titled because the machine "combines" three processes reaping, threshing, and winnowing.

==List of appearances==
*''Half-Life'' (Nihilanth's appearance evidence only) {{Ret}}
*''Half-Life 2'' {{1st}}
*''Half-Life 2 Lost Coast'' {{Nc}}
*''Half-Life 2 Episode One''
*''Portal'' {{Imo}}
*''Half-Life 2 Episode Two''
*''Dota 2'' (The Combine logo appears on the shop icon for item recipes, reinforcing their function of "combining" items into better ones)


CategoryReferences to Nineteen Eighty-Four
CategoryHalf-Life 2 screenshots
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