Eidos Interactive

'''Eidos Interactive Ltd.''' (pronounced http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:IPA_for_English /ˈaɪdɒs/, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Pronunciation_respelling_key ''EYE-dos'') was a http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Video_game_developer video game developer and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Video_game_publisher publisher based in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/England England. It is now part of http://deusex.wikia.com/wiki/Square_Enix_Europe Square Enix Europe.

Its best-known game series include ''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomb_Raider_%28series%29 Tomb Raider'', ''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commandos_%28series%29 Commandos'', ''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deus_Ex Deus Ex'', ''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legacy_of_Kain Legacy of Kain'', ''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thief_%28computer_game%29 Thief'', ''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TimeSplitters_%28series%29 Timesplitters'', and ''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fear_Effect Fear Effect''. The company maintains offices all around the world, including the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States United States, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canada Canada, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germany Germany, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/France France, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australia Australia and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japan Japan.
File:800px-Eidos logo.svg.png|thumb

Eidos officially became part of http://deusex.wikia.com/wiki/Square_Enix Square Enix on 22 April 2009. Following a reorganization of Square Enix's European operations, Eidos is slated to be consolidated into a new branch, named http://deusex.wikia.com/wiki/Square_Enix_Europe Square Enix Europe. The Eidos Interactive brand will cease to be used for game publishing thereafter.
==History==

===Beginnings and company growth===
Eidos plc, later to become the parent company of Eidos Interactive, was founded in 1990 as a company specialising in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Video_compression video compression and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Non-linear_editing non-linear editing systems, particularly for http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acorn_Archimedes Acorn Archimedes computers, and floated on the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London_Stock_Exchange London Stock Exchange.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eidos_Interactive &]

Following a series of rights issues and a strongly rising share price, Eidos plc undertook a series of acquisitions in the games sector, starting with the acquisition of the PC games companies http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Domark Domark Group Limited (Domark), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simis Simis and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_Red_Software Big Red Software in 1995 through a http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_takeover reverse takeover. At the time, Domark was known for ''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/3D_Construction_Kit 3D Construction Kit'', ''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Championship_Manager Championship Manager'', ''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hard_Drivin%27 Hard Drivin''', and many other games. Domark (by far the largest of the set), Simis and Big Red were combined into Eidos Interactive.

In 1996, with the success of the Sony PlayStation imminent, Eidos plc acquired CentreGold plc (which included US Gold and Centresoft). Centresoft was sold back in an http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MBO MBO. US Gold included the valuable asset of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Core_Design Core Design (probably best known for ''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomb_Raider Tomb Raider'', ''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chuck_Rock Chuck Rock'', ''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Curse_of_Enchantia Curse of Enchantia'', ''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heimdall_%28computer_game%29 Heimdall'', ''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rick_Dangerous Rick Dangerous'' and ''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E-Motion E-Motion''). A further series of acquisitions and skilful use of capital meant that Eidos plc (now almost entirely consisting of Eidos Interactive) was the fastest growing company in the world in the 1990s, with the share price rising over 400 times from its 1993 low to its 1999 high.

In February 2007, Eidos acquired http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rockpool_Games&action=edit&redlink=1 Rockpool Games, along with its two sister companies http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ironstone_Partners&action=edit&redlink=1 Ironstone Partners and http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=SoGoPlay&action=edit&redlink=1 SoGoPlay.
===Takeover by SCi===
On 3 August 2004, the ''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wall_Street_Journal Wall Street Journal'' reported that Eidos was in preliminary discussions with a small number of companies in relation of a possible business combinations. In early March 2005, Eidos admitted that http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Money_creation cash reserves had dwindled to £11.9m during the second half of 2004, and pre-tax losses had grown to £29m.

On 21 March 2005, Eidos received a takeover bid from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elevation_Partners Elevation Partners, the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Private_equity private equity firm owned by former http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electronic_Arts Electronic Arts president http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Riccitiello John Riccitiello and with a number of notable partners, including http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U2 U2's lead singer http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bono Bono. This takeover valued the company at £71m ($135m), and would inject £23m in order to keep the company http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bankruptcy solvent in the short term.

On 22 March, Eidos received a second takeover bid from the British games manufacturer http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SCi_Entertainment SCi Entertainment. Sci offered £74m ($139m), and tabled a restructuring plan to cut £14m from annual costs. To fund this takeover, SCi proposed to sell £60m worth of stock. Eventually, in late April, Elevation Partners formally withdrew its offer, leaving the way clear for SCi. The takeover was finalized on 16 May 2005.

Since the Sci purchase, the vast majority of the old Eidos management were let go. SCi left their http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battersea Battersea Office and moved into the old Eidos office on the second floor of Wimbledon Bridge House, 1 Hartfield Road, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wimbledon,_London Wimbledon. Eidos announced on 15 February 2007 that they would open a new studio in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montreal Montreal, Quebec, Canada responsible for "new undisclosed next-generation projects". Eidos Montreal started developing a new game in the ''Deus Ex'' franchise.

On 4 September 2007, the board of Sci Entertainment confirmed recent speculation that the company has been approached with a view to making an offer. On 10 January 2008 SCi announced take over and/or merger talks had been halted.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eidos_InteractiveAs a result, the share price dropped by over 50%. Major investors called for the resignation of key personnel, including CEO Jane Cavanagh, over this issue as well as delays to key titles. On January 18, 2008 Jane Cavanagh, Bill Ennis and Rob Murphy (Managing Directors of Publishing and Studios, respectively) left the company.

Eidos's parent company, Sci, revealed its 2008 financial report. Losses were at £100 million, but new CEO Phil Rogers claimed this was only due to the reconstructing plans. On September 19, 2008 Eidos opened a Shanghai based studio consisting of a small team to build up relations in Asia. On 3 December 2008, Sci changed its name to Eidos plc (the name of Eidos, prior to the Sci takeover), and also changed its London Stock Exchange ticker symbol from SEG to EID.
===Part of Square Enix Europe===
In February 2009, http://deusex.wikia.com/wiki/Square_Enix Square Enix reached an agreement to purchase Eidos for £84.3 million, pending shareholder approval with an initial aim of fully buying Eidos on 6 May 2009. The date was brought forward and Square Enix officially took over Eidos on 22 April 2009.

Although Square Enix said earlier that it would let Eidos Interactive remain as it is currently and not meddle in its internal affairs, Square Enix recently announced that it would be stopping game publishing under the Eidos brand and renaming it into http://deusex.wikia.com/wiki/Square_Enix_Europe Square Enix Europe. Eidos Interactive will most likely cease publishing in 2010.

==Studios==
===Current===
*http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crystal_Dynamics Crystal Dynamics in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Redwood_City,_California Redwood City, California (http://www.crystald.com/ Official site), founded in 1992, acquired in 1998.
*http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IO_Interactive IO Interactive in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copenhagen,_Denmark Copenhagen, Denmark (http://www.ioi.dk/ Official site), founded in 1998.
*Eidos Montréal in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canada Canada (http://eidosmontreal.com/ Official site), founded in 2007
*http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beautiful_Game_Studios Beautiful Game Studios in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London,_England London, England (http://bgstudios.co.uk/ Official site), started in 2003
*Eidos Shanghai in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/China China, started in 2008

===Part-owned===
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rocksteady_Studios Rocksteady (25.1%) (http://www.rocksteadyltd.com/ Official site)''
===Defunct===
*http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eidos_Hungary Eidos Hungary in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hungary Hungary (http://eidos.hu/ Official site), founded in 2005, closed October 2009.
*http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pivotal_Games Pivotal Games in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bath,_England Bath, England, founded in March 2000, acquired by SCi on 29 September 2003, closed 22 August 2008.
*http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Core_Design Core Design in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Derby,_England Derby, England, founded in 1988, acquired by Eidos on 1996, closed 11 May 2006.
*http://deusex.wikia.com/wiki/Ion_Storm Ion Storm in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Texas Texas, founded in 1996, acquired by Eidos on July 2001, closed 9 February 2005.

==Games==
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/25_To_Life 25 To Life'' (2006)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Age_of_Conan:_Hyborian_Adventures Age of Conan: Hyborian Adventures'' (2008)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AionGuard AionGuard'' (TBA)
*''Alisal Matters'' (TBA)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Backyard_Wrestling:_Don%27t_Try_This_At_Home Backyard Wrestling: Don't Try This At Home'' (2003)
**''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Backyard_Wrestling_2:_There_Goes_the_Neighborhood Backyard Wrestling 2: There Goes the Neighborhood'' (2004)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battlestations:_Midway Battlestations: Midway'' (2007)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battlestations:_Pacific Battlestations: Pacific'' (2009)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Batman:_Arkham_Asylum Batman: Arkham Asylum'' (2009)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Championship_Manager_5 Championship Manager 5'' (2005)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chili_Con_Carnage Chili Con Carnage'' (2007)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chuck_Rock Chuck Rock'' (1991)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commandos:_Behind_Enemy_Lines Commandos: Behind Enemy Lines'' (1998)
**''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commandos:_Beyond_the_Call_of_Duty Commandos: Beyond the Call of Duty''
**''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commandos_2:_Men_of_Courage Commandos 2: Men of Courage'' (2001)
**''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commandos_3:_Destination_Berlin Commandos 3: Destination Berlin'' (2003)
**''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commandos:_Strike_Force Commandos: Strike Force'' (2006)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conflict:_Denied_Ops Conflict: Denied Ops'' (2008)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cutthroats:_Terror_on_the_High_Seas Cutthroats: Terror on the High Seas'' (1999)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daikatana Daikatana'' (2000)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deathtrap_Dungeon_%28game%29 Deathtrap Dungeon'' (1998)
*Deus Ex (2000)
**Deus Ex: Invisible War (2003)
**Deus Ex: Human Revolution (2011)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doctor_Who:_Top_Trumps Doctor Who: Top Trumps'' (2008)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eve_of_Extinction Eve of Extinction'' (2002)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fear_Effect Fear Effect'' (2000)
**''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fear_Effect_2:_Retro_Helix Fear Effect 2: Retro Helix'' (2001)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fighting_Force Fighting Force'' (1997)
**''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fighting_Force_2 Fighting Force 2'' (1999)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Final_Fantasy_VII Final Fantasy VII'' (1997)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gangsters:_Organized_Crime Gangsters: Organized Crime'' (1998)
**''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gangsters_2 Gangsters 2'' (2001)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geon:_Emotions Geon: Emotions'' (2007)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imperial_Glory Imperial Glory'' (2005)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Infernal_%28video_game%29 Infernal'' (2007)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joint_Strike_Fighter_%28video_game%29 Joint Strike Fighter'' (1997)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Just_Cause_%28video_game%29 Just Cause (video game)'' (2006)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Just_Cause_2 Just Cause 2'' (2010)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kane_%26_Lynch:_Dead_Men Kane & Lynch: Dead Men'' (2007)
**''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kane_%26_Lynch_2:_Dog_Days Kane & Lynch 2: Dog Days'' (2010)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legacy_of_Kain Legacy of Kain''
**''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_Omen:_Legacy_of_Kain Blood Omen: Legacy of Kain'' (1996)
**''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legacy_of_Kain:_Soul_Reaver Legacy of Kain: Soul Reaver'' (1999)
**''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legacy_of_Kain:_Soul_Reaver_2 Legacy of Kain: Soul Reaver 2'' (2001)
**''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_Omen_2:_Legacy_of_Kain Blood Omen 2: Legacy of Kain'' (2002)
**''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legacy_of_Kain:_Defiance Legacy of Kain: Defiance'' (2003)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legaia_2:_Duel_Saga Legaia 2: Duel Saga'' (2001)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lego_Star_Wars:_The_Video_Game Lego Star Wars: The Video Game'' (2005)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mad_Maestro Mad Maestro'' (2001)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mini_Ninjas Mini Ninjas'' http://www.minininjas.com/ Official Site (2009)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mister_Mosquito Mister Mosquito'' (2001)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monster_Lab Monster Lab'' (2008)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ninja:_Shadow_of_Darkness Ninja: Shadow of Darkness'' (1998)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Official_Formula_1_Racing&action=edit&redlink=1 Official Formula 1 Racing''
*''Orion Burger''
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pocket_Pool Pocket Pool'' (2007)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Praetorians_%28game%29 Praetorians'' (2003)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_Eden Project Eden'' (2001)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_IGI:_I%27m_Going_In Project IGI: I'm Going In'' (2000)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_Snowblind Project Snowblind'' (2005)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Revenant_%28game%29 Revenant'' (1999)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reservoir_Dogs_%28video_game%29 Reservoir Dogs'' (2006)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rogue_Trooper_%282006_video_game%29 Rogue Trooper'' (2006)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shellshock Shellshock''
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shellshock:_Nam_%2767 Shellshock: Nam '67'' (2004)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soul_Bubbles Soul Bubbles'' (2008)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spider:_The_Video_Game Spider: The Video Game'' (1996)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Startopia Startopia'' (2001)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terracide Terracide'' (1997)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thief_%28computer_game_series%29 Thief''
**''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thief:_The_Dark_Project Thief: The Dark Project'' (1998)
**''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thief_II:_The_Metal_Age Thief II: The Metal Age'' (2000)
**''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thief:_Deadly_Shadows Thief: Deadly Shadows'' (2004)
**''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thief_4 Thief 4 (TBA)''
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timesplitters Timesplitters'' (2000)
**''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timesplitters_2 Timesplitters 2'' (2002)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomb_Raider Tomb Raider'' (1996)
**''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomb_Raider_II Tomb Raider II'' (1997)
**''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomb_Raider_III Tomb Raider III'' (1998)
**''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomb_Raider:_The_Last_Revelation Tomb Raider: The Last Revelation'' (1999)
**''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomb_Raider_Chronicles Tomb Raider Chronicles'' (2000)
**''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lara_Croft_Tomb_Raider:_The_Angel_of_Darkness Lara Croft Tomb Raider: The Angel of Darkness'' (2003)
**''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lara_Croft_Tomb_Raider:_Legend Lara Croft Tomb Raider: Legend'' (2006)
**''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lara_Croft_Tomb_Raider:_Anniversary Lara Croft Tomb Raider: Anniversary'' (2007)
**''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomb_Raider:_Underworld Tomb Raider: Underworld'' (2008)
**''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomb_Raider_9 Tomb Raider 9'' (2013)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Total_Overdose Total Overdose'' (2005)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Top_Trumps_Adventures_%28Wii%29 Top Trumps Adventures'' (2007)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Top_Trumps_Adventures:_Dogs_and_Dinosaurs Top Trumps Adventures: Dogs and Dinosaurs'' (2007)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Top_Trumps_Adventures:_Horror_and_Predators Top Trumps Adventures: Horror and Predators'' (2007)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Touch_the_Dead Touch the Dead'' (2007)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trade_Empires Trade Empires'' (2001)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Unholy_War The Unholy War'' (1998)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urban_Chaos Urban Chaos'' (1999)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urban_Chaos:_Riot_Response Urban Chaos: Riot Response'' (2006)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virtual_Resort:_Spring_Break Virtual Resort: Spring Break'' (2002)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warzone_2100 Warzone 2100'' (1999)
*''http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Way_of_the_Samurai Way of the Samurai'' (2002)
Category:Companies (real)
== Licensing ==
{{None selected}}
== Licensing ==
{{None selected}}