Seretech Corporation v. United States (1999), also known as the Seretech Decision, was a landmark Supreme Court of the United States decision that upheld a private corporation's right to maintain an armed force for the protection of its personnel and property, and that such forces were a public benefit. In essence, the decision gave corporations the right to have private armies.

Excerpts from Justice Sessenbrunner’s Dissent, The United States vs. Seretech Corporation

In deciding this case through the lens of the now and focusing only on Seretech’s right to conduct its own business, we gravely risk missing the larger picture and overlooking the powerful, most likely negative e ects this decision could have in years to come.

Democracies are based upon the idea that force should be an option of last resort and should only be applied in an even-handed, impartial manner. Corporations, by their very nature, cannot be impartial.  ey are designed to monitor and enforce their own good, not the common good. By granting them the right to use deadly force, we are taking the first step toward the feudal idea of might making right.

Some will complain that this position is alarmist, believing that, as in the case currently before the Court, corporations will only desire to use this power to defend their right to conduct business. This view, however, ignores the rider often attached to this phrase, and that is that corporations will use this power to defend their right to conduct business as they see fit. In the current case, Seretech saw the need to have their trucks move into and out of New York City without being hindered by angry mobs, and in this their cause is fairly sympathetic. But by granting corporations the right to maintain an army without setting well-defined rules for the use of that force, we have opened a Pandora's Box that will give rise to corporate armies being deployed in any way imaginable. For if history has taught us anything, it is that as soon as a particular right or freedom is endowed on a people, there are inevitably and immediately those who push that right or freedom to its furthermost extent.

When we grant corporations the same rights as nations, we can only expect them to behave as nations have. No nation has been perfect in its decisions of when to use force; how much more imperfect will corporations be?

Excerpt from Victory Speech of President-elect Martin Hunt NOVEMBER 7, 2000

The greatness and glory of the American people and the American nation has always been its openness to the benefits of freedom. We know that when our people are left to their own devices, when they are allowed to invent and build and grow on their own, they inevitably come up with the great ideas and the marvelous innovations that de ne us as a people. While it is true that government has acted as a force for good at times, when it has brought bene ts to a wide swath of the American people, it is perhaps even more true that government has most blessed our nation when it stands aside and allows the innovators, the builders, and the inventors to use their God-given talents to improve us as a nation. We are blessed to have the most industrious, most ingenious people on the planet.  roughout our history, the inventions and innovations our people have developed have bene ted not just us, but the entire world. We have invented not only new products, but also new ways to do business, new standards of treatment for workers, and new ways to build a national infrastructure that supports the business of doing business. In all this, we have led the globe and made our national economy the strongest the world has ever seen. I promise you, the American people, that my administration will be one of freedom. We will once again have a nation that has as its  rst and foremost ideal the concept of opportunity, the idea that you can go as far as your ingenuity, your ideas, and your hard work will take you. We will not limit you. We will, when we can, aid your rise upward, and then we will stand out of your way because it is you, the builder, who truly spurs American progress. I started this campaign because of my faith in you, the American people. Not just a faith that you would vote for me—though I certainly hoped that would be the case [laughter]— but the faith that you, not Washington, know what is best for your nation. You know what your nation and its citizens need, and you know how to deliver it. I look forward, in the next four years to seeing your ingenuity, your energy, and your perseverance in action. I look forward to watching you continue to make America great!